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ICL …for Friends of AFS is a series of short, insightful articles on important intercultural topics featuring AFS's point of view. There are intended for educators and all others who either are or would like to become involved with the AFS mission.


Concepts and Theories of Culture

A basic presentation of the four models of culture: the Iceberg model, the Onion model, the Tree model and the Dune model of culture. What are their advantages and disadvantages when trying to understand culture?

English Español


 


Cultural Adaptation Models

An introduction to nine different models for the cultural adaptation process, from affective, behavioral and cognitive perspectives.


English Español




Debriefing Experiential Learning

Debriefing is an essential step in a training session to ensure that the knowledge is being acquired and processed. In order to understand it, it is necessary to review the experiential learning cycle and different learning styles.

English Español


Learning Styles

Learning Styles are divided into four major types: diverging, assimilating, converging, and accomodating. They provide a framework for understaning the variety of ways of learning and teaching/training around the world.

English Español

David Kolb's Learning CycleKolb's Experiential Learning Cycle

David Kolb's experiential learning cycle is a theory which describes how we take in and process information, and ultimately, apply knowledge.

English Español

Long Term Impact Study for Friends of AFSLong Term Impact Study

In 2007-2008, AFS conducted a study involving some 2,000 AFS alumni from 15 countries plus around 500 peers that this group nominated to be a control group for comparison. The study used biographical data and the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI), a tool designed by Dr. Milton Bennett and Dr. Mitchell Hammer, which is based on the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) created by Dr. Bennett.

English

Long Term Impact Study for Friends of AFS


Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions

An overview of Geert Hofstede's six cultural dimensions, which provide a framework for analyzing tendencies associated with 50 national cultures.

English Español

Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS)

An explanation of the six-step process of cultural integration according to Milton Bennett's Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS).

English Español

Português

ICL for Friends of AFS: AFS Orientation Framework 2011

Intercultural Conflict Styles

Perspectives on how different cultures perceive and address conflict. 

English Español  

ICL for Friends of AFS: AFS Orientation Framework 2011

ICL Terminology

Common vocabulary to understand when studying Intercultural Learning and AFS.

English

ICL for Friends of AFS: AFS Orientation Framework 2011

Experiential Learning in AFS

What is Experiential Learning, how it is used in AFS and how it relates to the AFS Learning Objectives. 

English

ICL for Friends of AFS: AFS Orientation Framework 2011

Generalizations and Stereotypes

The Cultural Continuum and how it is related to Generalizations and Stereotypes.

English Español

Français

ICL for Friends of AFS: AFS Orientation Framework 2011

Five Frameworks of Culture

Five categories proposed by Milton Bennett to think about how cultures are different from one another. 

English Español

ICL for Friends of AFS: AFS Orientation Framework 2011

AFS Orientation Framework

Seven different touch points to support learning before, during and after AFS cultural exchange programs.

English Español

ICL for Friends of AFS: AFS Orientation Framework 2011

AFS Educational Results Study

An overview of the outcomes of the AFS Educational Results Study, carried out in 2002-2004.

English

ICL for Friends of AFS: AFS Orientation Framework 2011

The Contributions of Edward T. Hall

Edward T. Hall and his strong contributions to the field of intercultural communication.  

English Español

Français


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